Examples of types of Ovarian Cysts
- Functional cysts – these are the normal cysts that form as part of the process of making and releasing an egg. They are normally less than 3cm and typically do not cause symptoms or need treatment. These cysts can cause pain if they rupture or have bleeding into themselves. Less commonly they can grow larger than normal and require surgery. Functional cysts are much less common in women using the combined pill for contraception.
- Dermoid cysts – these are relatively common cysts that often do not cause symptoms unless they get quite large. They have very typical features on ultrasound and often contain different tissue types eg hair and teeth. Surgery is usually recommended but depends on size as small cysts (less than 3cm) can be safely observed.
- Endometriomas – women with endometriosis of the ovaries can result in a ‘chocolate’ cyst (so called as the cyst is filled with old blood which looks like melted chocolate).
- Other benign cysts form because of production of fluid or mucus within the ovary and almost always need treatment as they tend to grow over time and never spontaneously resolve.
- Malignant (cancerous cysts).
- Pelvic ultrasound is the most important test but in some cases other types of imaging such as MRI or CT scan may be necessary
- Blood tests to measure tumour markers such as Ca125 (this is a protein released by certain types of cysts).
Request an appointment
Clinics are three times a week and Gail will help you arrange a time to see Mr Miskry and if necessary a scan on the same day.
If you are pregnant, you can expect to have a number of routine tests and appointments and you can find out more about the schedule of care here.
Appointments can be arranged by phone or email.
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